Our logo is adapted from a painting by Phillip Dlamini, 1998, of a purple crested turaco. In traditional Swazi dress, the red feathers feature in the royal headdress, so this bird illustration is not only a symbol for wildlife conservation, but also of cultural heritage.
The Eswatini Flora Checklist was revised and published by SABONET in April 2004. Download (pdf, 1.13 MB)
The checklist has been updated and revised as part of the SNPAS biodiversity baseline data project, with the nomenclature being in line with SANBI usage as at 2016.
View list of species by Family
View Eswatini's Plants Database
(Information extracted from the introduction to the Swaziland Flora Checklist, 2004.)
The checklist includes 3678 taxa in 3441 species, 1124 genera and 244 families. Of these taxa, 200 are exotic. The total number of taxa is only a rough approximation, due to the need for further examination of a number of specimens to confirm identifications and to clarify disparities between identifications in PRE and SDNH for matching specimen numbers. In addition, there are plant taxa yet to be collected which have been observed as present in Eswatini. Notably, there are a number of exotic species which have been observed in Eswatini but for which there are currently no herbarium specimens.
The main checklist includes only those taxa where a specimen was found. In order to facilitate future updates of the checklist, a number of taxa and/or specimens which have been excluded from the main checklist are listed in the appendices. Appendix 1 lists taxa which have previously been quoted in Eswatini flora publications but are no longer believed to occur in Eswatini. A number of taxa which require confirmation are included in Appendix 2. These include specimens where there is a query with regard to the identification, as well as taxa which have been observed in Eswatini, but no specimen was found. The PRECIS database lists a number of taxa as being present in Eswatini, but without a corresponding specimen, and these are listed in Appendix 3. Some of these records might be due to a specimen being reidentified, but without the presence in Eswatini being corrected in the database for the previous name. Specimens where the current identification is only to genus level can be found in Appendix 4.
Work on compiling this checklist was commenced in June 2001, with the preparation of a customised database specifically for this checklist. Data was then obtained from various sources and converted into an appropriate format to import into the database. The database was used for cross-checking information, and wherever possible, eliminating errors.
The contents of the herbarium have now been computerised, but there are still a number of specimens which have not yet been processed into the herbarium, so these do not appear on the checklist.
Head Quarters: (+268) 2416 1489/1179
King Sobhuza II Park: (+268) 2416 1489/1179
National Museum: (+268) 2416 1489/1179
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Malolotja Nature Reserve: (+268) 2444 3241 / (+268) 2416 1480
Mantenga Nature Reserve and Swati Cultural Village: 2416 1151/1178
Mlawula Nature Reserve: (+268) 2383 8885 (Reception)
(+268) 2383 8453 (Senior Warden)
Magadzavane Lodge: (+268) 2343 5108/9