Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission

Our logo is adapted from a painting by Phillip Dlamini, 1998, of a purple crested turaco. In traditional Swazi dress, the red feathers feature in the royal headdress, so this bird illustration is not only a symbol for wildlife conservation, but also of cultural heritage.

Purple crested turaco

National Monuments

The ENTC is charged with protecting Eswatini's cultural heritage. This includes protecting sites of cultural or religious significance. Three sites are currently proclaimed National Monuments and twelve are in the process of being proclaimed.

Monuments are of vital importance in educating the public on Eswatini's rich heritage, and are a source of national pride.

Potential National Monuments

Sites for consideration as National Monuments where investigated by Richard Patricks and Bob Forrester in 2001.

These sites include natural sites (scenic, rare flora, flora, geology, etc.) and cultural sites (historic, archaeological, religious, etc.) or a combination of the two.

The following were amongst the most promising:

Allister Miller's house
  • Allister Miller's House, Mbabane
  • Mbabane Well, old bus rank
  • Deputy Prime Minister's Offices and neighbouring building
  • Manzini's oldest building (1897) - Commandant's Residence (at Zakhele)
  • Second Legco Building, at Mbabane Magistrate's Court
  • Notting Hill Mine Battery, near Piggs Peak
  • Phophonyane Water Wheel
  • Eswatini National Office at eNkanini (now re-surfaced in modern face-bricks)
  • Mahamba Church - Eswatini's oldest church
  • LaMgangeni's Burial Site, eGobholo
  • Prince Fanyana Memorial Library, Kwaluseni
  • Mabuda Estates farm house, Siteki
  • Khambi's stone, eNtfonjeni
Deputy Prime Minister's Offices


  • Lion Cavern, Malolotja - world's oldest mine (recommended to be a World Heritage Site)
  • Sibebe Rock, Mbuluzi Valley
  • eMgwayiza, Malolotja - afromontane forest, green chert
  • Mehluko Hill, near kaMadlangamphisi - old fortress
  • Manzamnyama Falls near Zombodze II (site of Royal ceremony)
  • Mahamba Gorge
  • Disused gold mines (generally active 1880 - 1920's) especially Piggs Peak Mine
  • Various caves used by Swazis duirng wars e.g. eNcabaneni
  • Great Usuthu (Lusuthu) Gorge, Bulunga Poort, between Sidvokodvo and Siphofaneni
  • Sites of the oldest Royal Residences, Shiselweni Region
  • Stone-built remains of Sotho-speaking clans (emakhandzembili)
  • eNdzeleni, Ngwemphisi Valley - cliff with spectacular rock formations
  • "Oldest farm house" at eMnyokane (belongs to Walter Bennet
  • Balekane Mountain Fortress
  • Khubuta Mines
  • Von Steinacher's fort at Groenpan near Siteki

Note: Border Cave, site of the oldest known hominid/human remains is not in Eswatini, it is in the Ingwavuma district, in northern KwaZulu/Natal, about 100 m from the border with Eswatini.

Our Contacts:
Head Quarters: (+268) 2416 1489/1179

King Sobhuza II Park: (+268) 2416 1489/1179

National Museum: (+268) 2416 1489/1179


Malolotja Nature Reserve: (+268) 2444 3241 / (+268) 2416 1480

Mantenga Nature Reserve and Swati Cultural Village: 2416 1151/1178

Mlawula Nature Reserve: (+268) 2383 8885 (Reception)
(+268) 2383 8453 (Senior Warden)

Magadzavane Lodge: (+268) 2343 5108/9

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