Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission

Our logo is adapted from a painting by Phillip Dlamini, 1998, of a purple crested turaco. In traditional Swazi dress, the red feathers feature in the royal headdress, so this bird illustration is not only a symbol for wildlife conservation, but also of cultural heritage.

Purple crested turaco

Malolotja Community Outreach Programme

(Updated March 2008, information from Sandile Gumedze, additional information 2019.)

Conservation of Endangered Medicinal Plants through Homeopathy

This is a collaborative project, involving traditional medicinal practitioners, the ENTC and the Eswatini Homeopathy Project. The initiative was begun in 2015, initially focussing on Warburgia salutaris (Pepperbark tree, sibhaha), then on Siphonochilus aethiopicus (African ginger, sidvungolo), and currently on Alepidea cordifolia (previously known as Alepidea amatymbica, likhatsato). The selection of the species for this project was determined by the opinions of the traditional medicinal practitioners, based on scarcity and desirability.

It is expected that more of the traditional medicinal practitioners in the communities surrounding Malolotja will be involved with the likatsato project, as this is a highveld species.

More information on the Endangered Medicinal Plants Project.

The Community Outreach Programme's Objective

The Malolotja community Outreach Programme started operating in 1994.

Malolotja Nature Reserve is surrounded by a total of 13 Communities, namely; Nkaba, Mhlosheni, Majotini, Malanti, kaNdeva, Malanti, Luvinjelweni, kaShoba, Mlondozi, Phasengwenya, Hawane, And Malolotja.

This programme is intended to improve relations with surrounding communities by offsetting the limitations on resource use within the reserve that are inherent in Protected Area (PA) Management.

The COP officer identifies appropriate community development projects, secures their funding from development agencies, and facilitates their implementation.

  1. Range Management: Overgrazing is a constant problem in surrounding areas, and assistance in developing a system of control over grazing pressures is of tremendous benefit to surrounding communities.

    The objective of the sub-programme is to promote sustainable use of the plants, in particular the grazing resources (grasses).
    • Stocking levels of domestic animals.
    • Seasonal grazing adjustments.
  2. Reforestation: Fuel wood pressures for heat and cooking fires result in a high rate of deforestation and the COP is attempting to increase sustainability in this area. The major intervention is in exploration of alternative energy forms such as biomass fuel energy.
    • Malanti Kiaat Forest
  3. Medicinal Plants Garden: This is intended to reduce the poaching of traditional medicinal plants inside the reserve by demonstrating to communities how to grow their own medicinal plants.
    • Schemes by Local Traditional Healers: Luvinjelweni Indigenous Nursery
  4. Beekeeping: The favourable environmental conditions around Malolotja are excellent for beekeeping, and this is a worthwhile source of revenue for surrounding communities, which uses least inputs in the production process.
    • Active beekeeping schemes: Mlondozi and kaNdeva
  5. Community Water Projects: The community is assisted in setting up water schemes, mainly through transport and related assistance towards ultimate water provision.
    • Water project schemes: Phasengwenya and Hawane
  6. Soapstone Carving Re-orientation Project: The local community is heavily dependant on this skill for income generation, yet the stock pile of soap stone is declining and serious reclamation of dug up areas is outstanding. Discussions to resolve the above paradox are necessary and the COP is the appropriate programme to address this threat to the well-being of the community.
    • Communities involved in stone carving: Hawane, kaShoba, Majotini, and Malolotja
Collecting grass for weaving
Women from neighbouring community collecting grass
for weaving in Malolotja Nature Reserve

The COP Programme is housed together with the Environmental Education Programme at the Malolotja EEC.

The Community Outreach Officer (COP) is always available upon request (informal and formal) to assist Community Based Organisationsations (CBOs), Schemes, and individuals on the above work programme areas.

Our Contacts:
Head Quarters: (+268) 2416 1489/1179

King Sobhuza II Park: (+268) 2416 1489/1179

National Museum: (+268) 2416 1489/1179


Malolotja Nature Reserve: (+268) 2444 3241 / (+268) 2416 1480

Mantenga Nature Reserve and Swati Cultural Village: 2416 1151/1178

Mlawula Nature Reserve: (+268) 2383 8885 (Reception)
(+268) 2383 8453 (Senior Warden)

Magadzavane Lodge: (+268) 2343 5108/9

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