Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission

Our logo is adapted from a painting by Phillip Dlamini, 1998, of a purple crested turaco. In traditional Swazi dress, the red feathers feature in the royal headdress, so this bird illustration is not only a symbol for wildlife conservation, but also of cultural heritage.

Purple crested turaco
Natal Hinged Tortoise, Mlawula Nature Reserve

Mlawula Research Programme

The reserve research programme has included monitoring of climate, soil erosion, water quality, distribution of water within the Siphiso Valley, vegetation, impact of larger herbivores, animal numbers, and, to a limited extent, visitor usage of the reserve.

A population census for larger herbivores is carried out twice a year, by means of road transects. There are a number of problems with the method, due to the terrain, the response of the animals to vehicles, and as a result of uneven distribution of the herbivores within the sampled areas. These counts therefore only serve as a rough guide for management purposes.

Research activities carried out have included the installation of an exclusion plot to monitor the recovery of vegetation when protected from grazing.

Monitoring of vegetation and impact of larger herbivores has been carried out by means of fixed point photos.

Exclusion Plot

The following on-going projects are being carried out by All Out Africa in Mlawula Nature Reserve as part of All Out's Savanna Conservation Project (

Ecosystem Monitoring:
  • fixed point photography in Siphiso and Mbuluzi valleys to monitor ungulate impacts and alien species invasion (Fixed Point Photo example)
Threatened Species Monitoring:
  • survival and reproduction of Encephalartos mbuluziensis and E. lubomboensis
  • nesting and breeding success of whitebacked vulture and various other raptors
  • population monitoring of the bat Nycteris thebiaca
  • community structure monitoring of bats
  • tortoise population monitoring
  • reptile atlassing

Collaborative projects have been carried out with Quest International, including alien plant mapping and control activities, and mapping of the distribution of Encephalartos umbeluziensis.

Various research projects have been carried out at Mlawula over the years, including student projects carried out by UNISWA students. (See Research Projects.)

Our Contacts:
Head Quarters: (+268) 2416 1489/1179

King Sobhuza II Park: (+268) 2416 1489/1179

National Museum: (+268) 2416 1489/1179


Malolotja Nature Reserve: (+268) 2444 3241 / (+268) 2416 1480

Mantenga Nature Reserve and Swati Cultural Village: 2416 1151/1178

Mlawula Nature Reserve: (+268) 2383 8885 (Reception)
(+268) 2383 8453 (Senior Warden)

Magadzavane Lodge: (+268) 2343 5108/9

Follow us on Facebook

Malolotja on Facebook

Malolotja Canopy Tour on Facebook

Mantenga on Facebook

Mlawula on Facebook